We all want to keep our pets with us as long as possible, which is why we need to give them a certain level of care. Most dogs, depending on size, can live ten to fifteen years if they are in good shape mentally and physically. Here are some things that you can do to extend — and improve the quality of — your dog’s life.
1. Maintain your dog’s teeth: Tooth decay is a very common, yet dangerous health problem for dogs. This is because tooth decay not only creates dental problems, but it can cause infections throughout the body, especially in the heart and kidneys. Most dogs are not going to have picture perfect teeth or fresh breath like a person, but their teeth and gums should be reasonably clean. You can buy a special kit to brush a dog’s teeth which includes a small brush and toothpaste. Brush their teeth at least a couple of times every week to keep them clean, but never use human toothpaste, because it can be harmful to dogs. If your dog has a significant buildup of plaque, then you should visit a veterinarian to have it removed.
2. Keep your dog at a healthy weight: Unfortunately, the obesity crisis has affected animals as well as people. Dogs can become overweight if they eat a lot of fatty human foods, or even if they eat too much pet food and don’t get enough exercise. One way to extend your pet’s life is to make an effort to keep them at a healthy weight at all times. Keep track of how much you feed your dog on a daily basis and keep them on a consistent schedule. Some fresh vegetables are okay for your dog to eat occasionally.
3. Give your dog regular exercise: Dogs need exercise in the same way that people do. Ideally, your dog should get at least an hour of exercise every day to improve their health and regulate their weight. The exercise does not need to be organized into a routine, but they should go outside and run or explore for a while, in addition to the several regular walks you take them on every day, of course. You can also have your dogs play with other dogs during exercise time. Dogs tend to enjoy this, it helps them maintain a healthy weight. It can also keep them emotionally healthy as well.
4. Get regular checkups and vaccinations: As the saying goes, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Regular checkups with your veterinarian can help detect diseases and health problems early on, while they can still be treated. The same goes for vaccinations, which can save lives. Experts recommend that dogs should visit the veterinarian at least once a year when they are fully grown and two to four times per year while they are puppies.
5. Give your dog time to relax: Everyone needs time to relax, including your dog. Stress can have a negative effect on dogs if they are in a state of constant anxiety. There should be some type of balance where your dog can get some exercise, but also have time to be independent from the family and get some rest. It takes a lot of energy to run around with the family and keep up with the excitement, so they need some time to sleep on their own. Allow your dog to rest for at least an hour every day and do not force them to do activities if they are not interested.
The key to long life in dogs is to provide them with a healthy lifestyle, which includes maintaining a healthy weight, daily exercise, relaxation, and regular checkups. Think of your pet’s well being in the same way that you would think of a family member’s. Dogs can tell the difference in the things that you do for them and they truly appreciate all of your care and support.